Sick Day Guidelines
“Making the Right Call When Your Child isn’t Feeling Well”
Should I keep my child home or send him or her to school?
Keep your child home if he or she:
• Has a fever of 100.5 degrees or higher
• Has been vomiting
• Has symptoms that prevent him or her from participating in school, such as:
Keep your child home until his or her fever has been gone for 24 hours without medication.Colds can be contagious for at least 48 hours. Returning to school too soon may slow the recovery process and expose others unnecessarily to illness.
Does my child have the flu?
The flu is serious! Call your pediatrician at the first sign of flu symptoms, which typically come on
• High Fever, Chills
• Head ache, body aches, ear ache
• Nausea, vomiting
• Dry cough
If you’re unsure about the best way to treat your child’s cold or flu,
ask your school nurse, doctor, pharmacist or other healthcare provider.
How do I make my child feel better?
• Make sure your child gets plenty of rest and put limits on TV watching
• Encourage fluids; like water, soup, juice and ice or ice pops
• Help your child relax by reading him a story and giving him plenty of TLC
• Consider using a cool humidifier
How can I prevent my child from getting a cold?
• Teach your child to wash his or her hands frequently using plenty of soap and warm water.
Proper hand-washing should take about 20 seconds or the time it takes to sing “HappyBirthday
• Teach your child to cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue or their sleeve
• Keep the child’s environment tobacco free
• Try to minimize the time your child spends with other children who have cough or cold symptoms
• Keep an annual well-child exam to follow changes in your child’s health
• Keep all of your child’s immunizations up-to-date
(The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines now recommend a flu vaccine for most
children aged 6 months up to their 19th birthday)
• Serve a balanced diet with lots of fruits and vegetables.
• After your child is feeling better, clean all surfaces; wash the bedding and air out the room
• Keep surfaces like door knobs, phones, remote controls, toys, and keyboards clean
• Always make sure to consult your school nurse or doctor if you have any questions
School is a child's work. It is important for normal development. If your child is absent often, it may be harder to keep up with the class. So try to stay healthy, wash your hands and take care of yourself when you are sick!
FRESH FRUIT AND VEGETABLE PROGRAM
This year our school will be participating in a special Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program. We will be offering fresh fruits and vegetables in the classroom as snacks. We are excited to have been awarded this grant to provide our students with healthy, nutritious foods. The NJ Department of Agriculture awarded this program to only 157 schools throughout New Jersey. The grant is in partnership with Chartwells and Sickles Market in Little Silver.
Two days each week your child will enjoy a fruit or vegetable in the classroom. Occasionally, there will be information and recipes sent home for you as a family to participate in promoting and increasing your consumption of fruits and vegetables.
Please try to extend your child’s/children’s fruit and vegetable experience by encouraging fruits and vegetables at meal times and for snacks. Your participation will contribute to the success of this project! Look for our Nutrition Nuggets newsletter with great ideas how to promote health and nutrition at home!
This program is seen as an important catalyst for change in efforts to combat childhood obesity by helping children learn more healthful eating habits. The FFVP introduces our students to produce that they otherwise might have had the opportunity to sample.
The goals of the fruit and vegetable program are:
(1) Increase Children’s Fruit & Vegetable Consumption
(2) Create Healthier Schools
(3) Change Children’s Diets to Impact their Future Health
(4) Promote Wellness
We are so excited to be a part of this program!
Wearing glasses can be hard for children to accept. They may worry that the other kids will tease them. They may feel different. Some children don't like wearing glasses and they “forget” to put them on or “forget” to take them to school. They think that they won't be able to play sports or that they'll look ugly. Glasses may feel uncomfortable or heavy at first. There are several things you can do to help get young children to wear their glasses.
Help your child understand why she needs to wear glasses. Even toddlers can understand that glasses will help them see better.
For school-aged children, wearing glasses can help them read or see the blackboard. Be sure to ask the eye doctor the times your child needs to wear his or her glasses. Some children need glasses for reading and homework, and others need glasses to see at a distance.
If teasing or bullying is a problem from other students, talk with your child about effective ways to deal with the teasing. Often if the child doesn’t react to the teasing, it stops. Talk with your child’s teacher about it.
Let children help pick out frames that they like.
Tell them that they look great when they wear their glasses. Many children are concerned that they look weird, or that everyone is looking at them when they first get glasses.
Make sure the glasses fit properly.
Glasses should fit snugly, but not too tight. Glasses that are too tight can hurt behind the ears. Do not try to buy frames thinking that your child will grow into them. Glasses should fit comfortably now. Loose glasses will start to slide down your child’s nose. The place where you get the glasses will adjust them at no charge.
Keep safety in mind.
Children's lenses should be made of polycarbonate. It is the safest material and is lighter weight than other lenses. If your child plays sports, sports goggles help protect against eye injury.
Keep your child’s glasses clean and if you notice redness or sore patches on your child’s nose or temples, take the glasses for readjustment.
Check screws and other fittings regularly to make sure the glasses are secure.
Make wearing glasses enjoyable.
Start your child off by having her wear the glasses for short periods of time. It also helps to link wearing glasses to something the child enjoys, such as watching a favorite video. Find picture books that show children wearing glasses.
Children, like adults, thrive on affection. The attitude of parents and grandparents can influence a child more than most people think.
Make glasses seem "cool" for your child. Point out sports figures, celebrities, or family members who wear glasses. For very young children, "being just like Daddy" may be what counts. Point out how good the glasses look on your child.
If the child takes her glasses off, put them back on in a firm but loving manner. Compliment your child for remembering to wear his glasses. Nagging or trying to reason with your child will not improve glasses wearing.
Make it routine.
Make the glasses a part of the child's daily routine. Put them on in the morning as the child is getting dressed and take them off before naps and bedtime. Let teachers know when the child should wear glasses.
Keep follow-up appointments.
Your child's healthcare provider can help you convince your child to wear glasses. Your provider can also check the fit to make sure that the glasses are not too tight and uncomfortable or so loose that they slip and slide.
Is Your Child’s Asthma Under Control?
Rules of Two
If you answered ‘Yes’ to any of these questions, your child's asthma is NOT UNDER CONTROL. Talk to your doctor about your asthma!
Good Asthma Control Means:
Controlling Your Child’s Asthma
There are three main aspects of controlling your child’s asthma: medical care, medications, and avoiding or reducing things in the child’s environment that trigger your child’s asthma.
A doctor should be monitoring your child’s asthma. It can be the child’s regular health care provider or a specialist such as a pediatric pulmonologist (lung doctor) or an allergy/asthma specialist. It is important to see the doctor every 3-6 months, even if your child is feeling well!
Asthma Action Plans
An asthma action plan (AAP) is a one-page guide that informs you what to do if your child has asthma symptoms. Your doctor should fill out the AAP and give a copy to you. Any adults that have contact with your child on a regular basis, such as the school nurse or child care provider, should be given a copy of the AAP. The AAP should be updated by the doctor when the treatment is changed in any way. Whenever the AAP is changed, a new copy should be given to the school nurse, child care provider, or other adults who have contact with your child on a regular basis.
Here is what an AAP looks like in English and Spanish:
Importance of flu shots!
It is very important that your child gets a flu shot every year before or during winter. This will help prevent your child from getting the flu with asthma complications!!
You may have heard that the flu shot will make a person sick. That is not true. A flu shot helps children and adults stay healthy.
Medicines help keep the asthma under control. There are two types of medicine that are most commonly prescribed for asthma. They are controller medications and quick relief medications.
Controller medication is long-acting and helps to keep asthma under control. It must be taken every day, even when your child is doing well. Controller medication keeps the airways open and helps the body to decrease mucous so the airways won’t get blocked.
This will help to decrease the number of asthma attacks your child will get and may even prevent them from happening at all!
Examples of controller medications are Asmanax, Flovent, Advair , Symbicort, and a chewable pill—Singular.
An Inhaled Corticosteroid, also called ICS, is the most common type of controller medication that doctors prescribe. ICS is excellent at controlling asthma. It contains only a tiny fraction of the amount of steroids you hear about that athlete’s sometimes take. Your child will not get huge and will not get sick from taking ICS—it will make their asthma better.
Quick-Relief Medication (also called Rescue medication) are used for quick relief when symptoms of an asthma attack begin. These medications open the airways so more air can get in and out. They are short–acting. Quick-relief medication should be administered to your child at the first signs of distress—do not wait!
Some children need to use quick-relief medication before exercise (as instructed by your doctor) to prevent asthma symptoms from occurring when they are active. This allows children with asthma to participate in activities and live normal, active lives.
Availability of the Quick-Relief Inhaler at All Times
You or your child should have the quick-relief medication on hand at all times whether at school, home, or away even for a few hours. Your health insurance will cover for two quick-relief inhalers: one to keep at school and one for home. The quick-relief inhaler should always be readily available to your child just in case it is needed in an emergency—even if your child is feeling well.
You should be sure that your permission for the school nurse to administer the quick-relief medication to your child is on file at school along with medication. If your child is old enough to take the medication him—or herself, then permission for your child to carry the medication during school hours should be on file. The medication should be available during school trips, also. Your child may need the medication before exercise or for emergencies.
If your child needs to use the quick-relief inhaler more than two times a week, or if you have to refill it more than two times a year, then your child’s asthma is not under control. Your child needs to see the doctor. Also, always be aware of the expiration date of the medication. If the medication has expired, see the doctor or call and request a refill.
Some common quick-relief medications are: Pro Air, Proventil, Ventolin, and Xopenex.
Devices to Help Children Inhale Their Medication
Spacer – A spacer is a device that attaches to your child’s inhaler. It makes it easier to inhale the full dose of medicine. Spacers are also called aerochambers.
It is important that someone who can help teach you or your child use the medications watch them and review their technique. You should bring your medicines to your visits so your provider can see what you have and how you or your child are using it.
Even babies can be given their medication with a spacer. A mask can be used to help young children inhale the dose of medication.
The video clip above demonstrates how to use the inhaler with the spacer/aerochamber.
This video clip above demonstrates how to use the spacer/aerochamber with a mask.
Nebulizer – a nebulizer is a machine that is used to deliver medication to young children. The spacer is more effective in delivering the medication directly to the lungs. However, you can use the nebulizer to administer your child’s medication if for some reason your child cannot use the spacer.
Controlling Asthma Triggers in Your Child’s Environment
Things that cause asthma symptoms are called triggers or allergens. Limiting or avoiding your child’s exposure to asthma triggers are will help to prevent asthma attacks. This is a very important aspect of managing asthma.
There are a variety of triggers that can make your child’s asthma worse. Some common triggers are smoke, some foods, colds, dust, pets, pollen, weather, cockroaches, strong odors such as perfumes, and strong emotions. Click on the links below to the American Lung Association and the Centers for Disease Control pages for helpful information on different triggers and how to avoid or control them.
What is Asthma Video:
Healthy Web Games